Current time in Vietnam:
Vietnam travel guide

Banh Chung (Square rice cake) in Vietnamese Lunar New Year (Tet)

Banh Chung (Square rice cake) is a traditional Vietnamese rice cake which is made from glutinous rice, green beans, pork and other ingredients.

Its origin is told by the legend of Lang Liêu- the son of 6th Hung King. Hung King wanted to find the one to inherit his position and sit on the throne to lead the country when he was too old. Therefore, he held a cooking contest for his 21 sons, and who could fully satisfy his taste would be the next King. Most princes go everywhere to find special, exotic and far-fetched food, except for Lang Lieu – the 18th son of Hung King, also the poorest and loneliest since he lost his mother at a young age. Not having enough money to buy delicacies, Lieu just stayed around his house.

Thanks to the help of a fairy in his dream, Lieu came up with 2 types of cake called ‘Banh Chung’ and ‘Banh Day’ and started making exactly like what he had been told. On a spring day on which all the princes’ labor had to be presented, Lang Lieu and his wife brought Banh Chung and Banh Day to the King while other princes presented such expensive and unusual dishes.

Others sneered at Lieu’s cakes, but his Father was deeply impressed by the special flavor of these cakes. He asked Lieu about the meaning of these cakes. Lieu said that he had cooked the glutinous rice, then molded it into a round rice cake, and called it Banh Day as it symbolized the sky; he also cooked a square rice cake, stuffed it with cooked bean paste and ground meat in the middle, and called it Banh Chung, which was symbolic of the earth we live on.

After that, Hung King decided that Lieu was the winner and passed his throne to him. Since then, Banh Chung and Banh Day become traditional foods during the Tet holiday.

There are also many variations of Banh Chung according to regions, religions and likings such as Banh Chung Gu (Humped Banh Chung) of San Diu people, Banh Chung Chay (Vegetarian Banh Chung) for vegetarians and Buddhists, Banh Chung Ngot (Sweetened Banh Chung), etc.

Before Tet holiday, each Vietnamese family often makes Banh Chung and this becomes a traditional custom of the country. The process of making Banh Chung is an occasion for Vietnamese family members to get together. Sitting around the warm fire, talking and telling each other past stories, they get ready for a New Year with lots of good wishes.

Nowadays, because of the busy life not many Vietnamese families keep this habit anymore, Banh Chung is still an irreplaceable dish of Vietnamese ancestor altar on Tet. It is the evidence of the Vietnamese loyalty and great gratitude to their ancestors.
Author: Cam Lien


A lot of streets in the center of Hanoi city and around the Sword Lake are full of colorful flowers and lamps welcoming the Vietnamese Lunar New Year 2013. These …

Located in the downtown Sai Gon (Ho Chi Minh City) close to Saigon Notre-Dame Cathedral and Diamond Plaza, Sai Gon Central Post Office is one of the historical buildings of …

The name floating market literally came from its way of forming. In the middle of immense rivers, there are numerous boats and canoes gathering to form markets above the water. …

According to Wanderlust, a famous magazine in the United Kingdom, Hoi An is voted to be the most preferred city in the world. Readers of this magazine are the most …

Only 30km away from the center of Lang Son city, Mẫu Sơn Mountain is located in Lộc Bình District, Lang Son province. Mẫu Sơn is surrounded by hundreds of big …

Overview information: Dong Xuan market (Đồng Xuân market) Address: Dong Xuan street, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi. Opening time: 8:00 A.M to 6:00 P.M Most traded items: Clothing, househoud goods. Target customer: …

Consular Relations For Foreigners Living In Ho Chi Minh City (part 3) Traffic accidents involving foreigners in Vietnam Legal basis – The 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. – The …

Consular Relations For Foreigners Living In Ho Chi Minh City (part 2) Lost visa and passports in Vietnam Legal basis – Ordinance on Foreigners’ Entry Into, Exit and Residence in …

Prosecution and judgment of cases involving foreigners Legal basis – The 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations – Ordinance on Privileges and Immunity for Foreign Diplomatic Agencies, Consular Agencies and …

Visit this link on mobile
Risky Free:
We charge service fee when your visa application is processed successfully.
No passport send-off. No embassy queuing.
Within 48 hours processing time.
100% online. Send and receive by email.
APPLY FOR VISA ON ARRIVAL VIETNAM is a commercial website providing service for visa Vietnam and charge service fee. We are neither government website nor affiliated with embassy therefore our fee is higher than official fee from government.